HISTORICAL CALENDAR OF THE SHRINE
1382, 9 August – bringing the Paulines to the Częstochowa hill; foundation of Prince Władysław Opolczyk.
1384 – 31 August in the Pauline church we find a painting of the Mother of God, an ancient painting in which are contained the secrets of the coexistence and coexistence of elements of East and West Christianity, which are an integrating sign.
1388 – the Pauline monastery and the Marian cult center receive a written name – Clarus Mons – Jasna Góra.
1393 – Jasna Góra becomes a royal foundation. King Władysław Jagiełło, under the influence of Queen Jadwiga, validates the foundation of Prince Władysław Opolczyk (foundation privilege, Kraków on 24 February).
1425 – Archbishop of Gniezno, Primate Wojciech Jastrzębiec, grants a privilege – pilgrims visiting Jasna Góra in penance and confession of sins can benefit from the grace of indulgences.
1429-1450 – construction of the central place of worship of the Miraculous Image of Our Lady of Jasna Góra – a Gothic chapel preserved to this day.
1429 – Pope Marcin V informed by King Władysław Jagiełło that in the church at Jasna Góra often the secrets of miracles are taking place, confirms the charism of this place, binding indulgences with Marian feasts.
1430, April 16 – robbery Hussite assault. The destruction of the Image is accompanied by the desire to separate the Polish-Lithuanian community. The image of Our Lady of Częstochowa is being restored in royal Krakow.
A year later, the Miraculous Picture is transferred from Krakow to Jasna Góra in a solemn pilgrimage.
1463 – consecration of a great church erected in the Gothic style, dedicated to the Holy Cross and the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
1496 – Pope Alexander VI grants the Sanctuary the Jasna Góra privilege of „apostolic confessors” – the four Pauline presidents appointed a wider power under the sacrament of penance, able to absolve penitents from sins and punishments reserved for bishops ordinaries and some reserved for the Holy See. At the beginning of the 20th century, these powers were granted to all Pauline confessors.
1550 – the Jasna Góra choir, a vocal and instrumental ensemble; acting for nearly four centuries an important center of musical culture in Poland.
1568 – Mikołaj from Wilkowiecka, paulin, announced in print in Krakow the first in Polish language a masterpiece on the history of the Jasna Góra painting „The History of the Image in Czêstochowa, Maryine, and the Various Wonders of this Reverend Tablet” with the text of the prayer addressed to Our Lady of Częstochowa: „Hail Mary, Blessed , set up by Saint Luke
1616 – Sigismund III Waza surrounds the defensive walls of the sanctuary – Jasna Góra becomes a fortress.Behind Władysław IV and Jan Kazimierz, further expansion of the fortification system took place.
1641-44 – a three-nave body of the chapel (the second part) preserved to this day was erected from the bishops’ foundation of Stanisław and Maciej Lubieński. It is an outstanding work of architecture in the so-called Lublin style, typical of Polish construction from the turn of Mannerism and Baroque.
1650, 8 September – celebration of the dedication of the main altar in the chapel of the Mother of God, counted among the most outstanding works of the early Baroque in Poland, funded by the Grand Chancellor of the Crown, Jerzy Ossoliński.
1655, 27 December – victory over the Swedes after the forty-day siege of the monastery. A year later, the royal weddings of Jan Kazimierz take place in the Lviv cathedral, which is a thankful prayer and the election of Mary to the Queen of Poland.
1682, September 8 – Jasna Gora celebrates the 300th anniversary of his service to the Church and the nation.The 140-thousand-strong pilgrimage surrounds the Jasna Góra stronghold, which is unscathed in the Swedish war.
1683 – Jan III Sobieski, before and after the victorious Viennese expedition, prays at Jasna Góra; after the relief he has gained trophies.
1717, 8 September – the solemn coronation of the image of the Queen of Poland with papal diadems (by the act of Pope Clement XI from 1716) – for the first time in the world such an image was crowned outside of Rome.
1736 – a monastic book collection with centuries-old tradition, fulfilling the role of the center of the Pauline intellectual culture in Poland, in a new room receives refined shelves. The collection and library decor constitute a unique monument of national culture.
1764 – the constitution of the coronation parliament publishes an official confirmation of the election of the Mother of God made by Jan Kazimierz and indicates the social approval of the dignity of the Blessed Virgin Mary – Queen of Poland.
1793 – the fortress of Jasna Góra is occupied by the Prussian army, Field Marshal Mólendort (Second Partition of Poland).
1817 – celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Coronation of the Miraculous Picture.
1830 – Jasna Góra materially supports the insurgents, and reminds the Queen of freedom. The Queen of Jasna Góra is more and more present in the life of a nation that does not approve of bondage.
1882 – September 8 – The Jubilee of the 500th anniversary of Jasna Góra and nearly five hundred thousand Poles is looking painfully in the face of Mary, singing Polish songs with a free heart for Poland’s homeland.The queen does not recognize the boundary, possessive cordons.
1896 – exposition of the Jasna Góra treasury, the museum of votives being a testimony of the cult and national tradition was made available to the general pilgrims.
1897 – the Russian army leaves the walls of the Jasna Góra fortress. Polish society welcomes this with enthusiasm.
1906 – the church of the Holy Cross and the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary receives the title and privileges of the smaller basilica.
1906 – August 15 Polish society arrives in the National Pilgrimage (about 500,000 people), makes the Queen of Poland „Top Votive” – rebuilt the tower of Jasna Góra.
August 26 – was celebrated for the first time – Solemnity of Our Lady of Jasna Gora (approved by Pius X).Preacher said: „The whole nation looked this (celebration) with longing. Because he wanted to complete what he swore with King Jan Kazimierz in Lviv on April 1, 1656, when he announced the Queen of Poland among the terrible troubles … After the last partition, dividing Poland into three parts, our enemies gifted it with all wealth and wiped it out of the state Europe, as if it never was. And yet, this Poland is not lost … The broken nation is growing spiritually. There is hope that it will completely grow. The proof of this is the Ceremony of the fifteenth of August, which gathered Poles from all districts of old Poland … „.
1910 – 22 May , the re-enactment of the image of Our Lady, the so-called Crown of Klemens XI, was held (after the theft of Klemens XI’s and the dresses) Millennial crowns that were sent by Pope Saint. Piusa X. and with the crowns the painting received a new dress: Koralowa.
1913 – consecration of the monumental Way of the Cross on ramparts immersed in the blood of the Jasna Góra defenders.
1918 – celebrated the Holy Mass Mgrs Achilles Ratti, apostolic nuncio to Poland, later Pope Pius XI .
1919 – General Józef Haller celebrates thanksgiving pilgrimage for Poland’s freedom.
1919 – after his return to Poland Fr. Maksymilian Kolbe, founder of the Milicz Immaculate, celebrates Mass. in front of the Miraculous Picture and before the Crucifix in the Jasna Góra chapel.
1920 – 27 July – Cardinals E. Dalbor and A. Kakowski with the Episcopate thank for freedom and remind you: Mary, you are the Queen of Poland! In August days, they repeat the same thing lying down on the square in Jasna Góra, countrymen: You are the Queen of Poland!
1920 – August 15 The Victorious Queen – Miracle on the Vistula.
1921 – passes under the sign of thanksgiving pilgrimages for the saved freedom. On November 21, the Head of State Józef Piłsudski arrives with a group of generals.
1924, August 5 – priest Stefan Wyszyński, the future Primate of Poland, celebrates Holy Mass with the Primory Mass in the Chapel of Our Lady.
1926 – Polish Women thank for the regained freedom – they take the oath of the Queen of Poland and the Mother of the Nation and offer the new royal insignia.
1929, July 17 – Bishop Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Apostolic Visitator in Bulgaria, later Pope John XXIII arrives at Jasna Góra; in the book, he writes: „Fiat pax in virtue Tua, Regina Poloniae, et abundantia in Tursept Tuis”.
1939-45 – World War II. Governor Hans Frank sees the influence and significance of the Mother of God and Jasna Góra for the Poles; in the memorial book he makes an entry: „When all the lights for Poland went out, then it was always still holy from Częstochowa and the Church”.
1946 – from cardinal A. Hlond and the Episcopate of the ruined Poland is on the Jasna Góra „millionth of masses” and all of Poland is devoted to the Immaculate Heart of the Queen – she is to patronize the freedom of the spirit.
1956, August 26 – a million hearts repeat the primate words of weddings »we promise« … »we promise, Queen of Poland!« – Jasna Góra Weddings of the Polish Nation.
1957 – a copy of the Jasna Góra Image consecrated by Pope Pius XII begins peregrination all over the country;May 3 – Primate of Poland, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński is the founder of the Primate’s Institute of Wedding of the Nation, based in the Jasna Góra monastery.
1961 – The Episcopate gathered at Jasna Góra, in the Chapel of the Miraculous Image, by the closed door, gave the Mother of God to Poland, committing itself that if the faith of the Nation is saved, then the bishops will submit this act in a solemn manner to the people of God in the year of Millennium.
1962-1965 – The Queen of Poland, the Mother of the Church, connects the hearts of believers in the country with the Conciliar Church. Jasna Góra becomes a „conciliar sanctuary”, parish delegations arrive on the Council vigils.
1966, 3-4 May – the main celebrations of the Millennium of the Baptism of Poland under the leadership of the Primate of the Millennium, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński with the participation of the whole Episcopate. Primate Wyszyński, as a papal legate, reads the letter of Pope Paul VI to the Polish Nation and grants an apostolic blessing on his behalf. During the pontifical sum celebrated by Archbishop. Karol Wojtyła proclaims the word of God, he crowns the image of the Mother of God, Queen of Poland, and leads the millennium „The act of giving Poland into the motherly slavery of Mary, Mother of the Church, for the freedom of the Church of Christ.”
1976 – Jasna Góra begins its 600th jubilee.
1978 – The election of John Paul II. Many pilgrims and residents of Częstochowa spontaneously remained on an all-night vigil. Paulines send a telegram providing for daily Mass and constant prayer before the Jasna Góra Image for the Pope – Rodak.
1979, 4-6 June – First Pilgrimage of the Holy Father John Paul II to Jasna Góra (after the election to the capital of St. Peter in 1978); in the presence of hundreds of thousands of faithful, the Pope entrusted his mission to Our Lady.
1982 – John Paul II in the Apostolic Letter Bogurodzica Dziewica (December 8, 1981) inaugurates the Jubilee of the 600th anniversary of the presence of the image of the Mother of God.
1982 – Until July 6, 1983, world opinion through the prayers of John Paul II participated in the celebration of the National Jubilee »six centuries of Jasna Góra – the central ceremony of the Jubilee 600th anniversary of Jasna Góra was preceded by the Marian Procession.
1983, June 18-20 – celebrating the 600th anniversary of Jasna Góra, the Holy Father gives his presence a visible, ecclesiastical dimension; December – Lech Wałęsa, laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, submits his distinction as a votive offering.
1983 – the first issue of the „Jasna Góra” monthly was published (edited by Father Dr. Rufin Abramek). The dream of many generations of Pauline and Primate of the Millennium has met. Stefan Wyszyński.
1983 – the first pilgrimage of a solidary work world with the participation of priest Jerzy Popiełuszko.
1985 – Days of Youth in the Jasna Góra Shrine of the Mother of the Church. Representatives of 20 nationalities made pilgrimages for several and several days from various Polish cities. During the march, the youth penetrated the text of John Paul II addressed to young people – the hope of the Church and the world.
1987 – the official beginning of the Marian Year survived Jasna Góra in television communication with the Holy Father John Paul II, who in the Basilica of Our Lady Greater in Rome prayed the rosary and speech in the period of preparation with Mary for the third millennium of Christianity. Mother Teresa of Calcutta prayed at Jasna Góra on that day.
1987, June 12-13 – Marian Pope John Paul II, during the 3rd Pilgrimage to the Homeland, indicated the purpose of his pilgrimage to the Shrine of the Nation: „I come as a man of trust, that all this, all the great matters of our Polish life, overemphasized by the mystery of the Eucharist, who lives the one who loved us to the end, to bring everything here, to entrust to her who is our mother. „
1988 – Jasna Góra became clearly an international sanctuary. In three weeks of July there were 270 tourist and pilgrimage groups from abroad, the most from Italy.
1991, August 14-16 – visit of the Holy Father John Paul II on the occasion of the 6th World Youth Day.
1993, August 26 – The Prayer of the Church in Poland, in which she entrusts her mission to Mary in a new historical situation.
1996, August 12th International Mariological Congress and XIX International Marian Congress in Jasna Góra
1997, June 4 – the visit of John Paul II at Jasna Góra – Liturgy of the Word
1999, June 17 – the last pilgrimage of the Holy Father John Paul II to the sanctuary of Our Lady of Częstochowa.
2000 – celebrations of the Jubilee Year.
2003 – announcement of the Year of Father Augustyn Kordecki, defender of Jasna Góra.
2003 – Telewizja Trwam began the daily transmission of the Jasna Góra Appeal.
2004 – the Jubilee celebrations of the 350th anniversary of the miraculous defense of Jasna Gora against the Swedes began.
2005 – On April 1, Pope John Paul II offered golden crowns – a gift for Our Lady of Jasna Gora.
2005 – celebrations of the 350th anniversary of the miraculous defense of Jasna Góra before the Swedish Deluge.
2005 – May 3 , on the square in front of the Peak five new figures of rosary stations were consecrated – glorious mysteries. In the square around the monastery there are twenty figures depicting all the mysteries of the Holy Rosary that form the Rosary Way.
2005 – On August 26, Archbishop Stanisław Dziwisz imposed the crown of Pope John Paul II on the Miraculous Painting of Jasna Góra and a new, amber-brilliant dress.
2005 – September 11 at the Jasna Góra summit there was a great open-air spectacle titled „Jasna Góra Victoria” at the end of the 350th anniversary of the defense of Jasna Góra, which was broadcast by TVP.
2006 – opening of the Treasury of the Memory of the Nation in the Bastion of St. Rocha.
2006 – May 26, Benedykt XVI in a speech delivered at the Jasna Góra Summit during a May service in the presence of about 500,000 pilgrims indicated the Mother of God as a model of faith and prayer. The Pope gave the Golden Rose as a votive offering in the Chapel of the Miraculous Picture.
2007 – The Chapel of the Sacrament of Penance was consecrated in March.
2008 – celebration of the 700th anniversary of the approval of the Order and its ministry to the Church.
2010 – March 3 – Benedict XVI in the Vatican blessed new crowns for Our Lady of Jasna Gora
2010 – jubilee celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the coronation of the image of Our Lady of Jasna Gora with the crowns of St. Pius X. Then a new dress of gratitude and love, suffering and hope of the Polish nation was imposed, as well as new crowns – a votive offering dedicated by the Holy Father Benedict XVI.
2012 – entrusting to the Mother of God in defense of the civilization of life and love and commencing the peregrination of the Icon from Jasna Góra „From the ocean to the ocean”
2013 – January 7 – completion of four-year work related to the implementation of the project Comprehensive restaurant building the Monastery of the Pauline Fathers at Jasna Gora under which the Basilica was completely restored
2013 – December 9 – the 60th anniversary of the Jasna Góra Appeal with the participation of Father Jerzy Tomzinski – the initiator of this prayer
2016 – 3 May – The act of entrusting Poland with the 1050th anniversary of her baptism
2016 – July 28 – Holy Father Francis at Jasna Góra – thanksgiving for 1050 years of the Baptism of Poland
2016-2017 – Jubilee year of the 300th anniversary of the coronation of the Miraculous Image of Our Lady of Jasna Góra